Energy shaping methods for asymptotic force regulation of compliant mechanical systems

David Navarro Alarcon, Yun Hui Liu, Jose Guadalupe Romero, Peng Li

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

16 Citations (Scopus)


In this brief, we address the robust force regulation problem of mechanical systems in physical interaction with compliant environments. The control method that we present is entirely derived under the energy shaping framework. Note that for compliant interactions, standard energy shaping methods (i.e., potential shaping controls using static-state feedback actions) cannot guarantee asymptotic stability since they are not robust to unmodeled forces. To cope with this issue, in this brief, we integrate force sensory feedback with a robust energy shaping design. This methodology allows us to incorporate integral force controls while preserving in closed loop the port-Hamiltonian structure, something that is not possible with traditional force regulators. We discuss the practical implementation of our method and provide simple numerical algorithms to compute in real time some of its control terms. To validate our approach, we report an experimental study with an open architecture robot manipulator.
Original languageEnglish
Article number6776417
Pages (from-to)2376-2383
Number of pages8
JournalIEEE Transactions on Control Systems Technology
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2014
Externally publishedYes


  • Force regulation
  • Hamiltonian mechanics
  • Lyapunov stability
  • passivity-based control
  • robot manipulators

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Control and Systems Engineering
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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