This paper considers applying simultaneous wireless information and power transfer (SWIPT) technique to cooperative clustered wireless sensor networks, where energy-constrained relay nodes harvest the ambient radio-frequency (RF) signal and use the harvested energy to forward the packets from sources to destinations. To this end, we first formulate the energy-efficient cooperative transmission (eCotrans) problem for SWIPT in clustered wireless sensor networks as a non-convex constrained optimization problem. Then, by exploiting fractional programming and dual decomposition, we develop a distributed iteration algorithm for power allocation, power splitting and relay selection to solve the non-convex optimization problem. We find that power splitting ratio plays an imperative role in relay selection. Our simulation results illustrate that the proposed algorithm can converge within a few iterations and the numerical analysis provides practical insights into the effect of various system parameters, such as the number of relay nodes, the inter-cluster distance and the maximum transmission power allowance, on energy efficiency and average harvested power.
- clustered wireless sensor networks
- cooperative relaying
- Power allocation
- wireless information and power transfer
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering