Employment among multiple sclerosis patients in Hong Kong

Kwok Kwong Lau, Alexander Y.L. Lau, Ellen L.M. Yu, Kam Mei Lau, May Lan Alma Mary Gerardina Au, Iris Chan, Wing Chi Fong, Tak Hon Tsoi, Ping Wing Ng, Patrick C.K. Li

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective: Employment is important for patients with chronic illness, and to remain employed is a robust support to them. This study aimed to examine the employment rate and to identify factors associated with employment among multiple sclerosis (MS) in Hong Kong. Methods: A cross-sectional study was performed from 2010 to 2011 at five major public hospitals. Fifty-nine clinical definite MS patients with no evidence of dementia (Mini-Mental State Examination ≥ 22) were recruited. Demographic data and neuropsychological test results including memory, visual perception, psychological well-being, motor, executive domain and processing speed were collected. Principal component analysis and logistic regression with multiple imputation were used in data analyses. Results: The employment rate among MS patients was 56%. Patients with better cognitive functions were more likely to be employed (p=0.002). No significant association was found between employment status and age, gender, level of education, types of MS, disease duration, frequency of relapse or use of interferon. Conclusion: MS patients had high unemployment rate (44%) which was 11.5 times higher than the general population in Hong Kong. MS patients with better cognitive functions had higher employment rates.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)161-167
Number of pages7
JournalNeurology Asia
Volume21
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jun 2016

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neurology
  • Clinical Neurology

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