Employee workplace spirituality and pro-environmental behavior in the hotel industry

Hamed Rezapouraghdam, Habib Alipour, Mahlagha Darvishmotevali

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

74 Citations (Scopus)


Pro-environmental behaviors in the workplace are less investigated than those in the public and private spheres. With this in mind, and through the values framework of workplace spirituality (WPS), synthesizing the theories of connectedness and organizational citizenship, the current study proposed a theoretical model to gauge the influence of WPS, a relatively new area of inquiry in organizational research and a neglected field in tourism and hospitality, on hotel employees’ organizational citizenship behavior for the environment (OCBE). In this framework, the emerging concept of connectedness to nature (CNS)–a strong cognitive and affective predictor of pro-environmental behavior–was depicted as a mediator, and the construct of environmental awareness (EA) was deemed a moderator. The intended model received support through empirical testing, and results confirmed that WPS is significantly associated with employees’ OCBE, and CNS indirectly affects the relationship between WPS and OCBE, while EA functions as a booster. The theoretical and practical implications of the study were discussed, and a series of contributory managerial implications were described accordingly.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)740-758
Number of pages19
JournalJournal of Sustainable Tourism
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 4 May 2018
Externally publishedYes


  • connectedness to nature
  • environmental awareness
  • hotel industry
  • organizational citizenship behavior for the environment
  • Workplace spirituality

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geography, Planning and Development
  • Tourism, Leisure and Hospitality Management


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