Emission-aware adjustable robust flight path planning with respect to fuel and contrail cost

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


Aviation emission has always been regarded as the major contributor to climate and atmosphere changes. The recent research suggested that flights can be re-routed from sufficiently cold and humid atmospheres to mitigate the level of contrail production in particular regions during the flight planning stage. To address the needs, a weather data-driven flight path planning is proposed in this work. The spatial meteorological condition is generated using historical data and formulated as uncertain factors to develop a robust solution. Airlines can determine their allowance of flight level changes, pre-determined constrained flight levels set and robustness towards the maximum tolerance level of uncertain contrail length of a flight path. The overall cost can be further minimised, with a lowered total contrail length with the least increases in fuel consumption cost. The suggested methods validate the possibility of emission-aware adjustable robust flight path planning and ensure sustainable air transport operations.

Original languageEnglish
JournalTransportmetrica B
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 14 Feb 2022


  • adjustable robust optimisation
  • aviation emission control
  • contrail length
  • decomposition framework
  • Emission-aware flight path planning

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Software
  • Modelling and Simulation
  • Transportation


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