Emerging concept: Central benefit model of exercise in falls prevention

Teresa Liu-Ambrose, Lindsay S. Nagamatsu, Chun Liang Hsu, Niousha Bolandzadeh

Research output: Journal article publicationReview articleAcademic researchpeer-review

50 Citations (Scopus)


Falls are a common geriatric syndrome and are the third leading cause of chonic disability worldwide. Falls are not random events and occur, at least in part, due to impaired physiological function, such as impaired balance, and cognitive impairment. The clinical syndrome of falls is important for Sports and Exercise Medicine Clinicians as there is Level 1 evidence that targeted exercise prescription is an effective intervention strategy. The widely accepted dogma is that improved physical function, balance and muscle strength, underlies the effectiveness of the exercise in reducing falls. However, findings from randomised controlled trials suggest that exercise reduce falls via mechanisms other than improved physiological function. The authors propose that improved cognitive function - specifically, executive functions - and associated functional plasticity may be an important yet underappreciated mechanism by which the exercise reduces falls in older adults.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)115-117
Number of pages3
JournalBritish Journal of Sports Medicine
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2013
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation
  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine


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