Emergence of an Extensive Drug Resistant Pseudomonas aeruginosa Strain of Chicken Origin Carrying blaIMP-45, tet(X6), and tmexCD3-toprJ3 on an IncpRBL16 Plasmid

Ning Dong, Congcong Liu, Yanyan Hu, Jiayue Lu, Yu Zeng, Gongxiang Chen, Sheng Chen, Rong Zhang

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This study reports an extensively drug resistant Pseudomonas aeruginosa strain PA166-2 which was of chicken origin and carrying blaIMP-45, tet(X6) and tmexCD3-toprJ3 on a single plasmid. The strain was characterized by antimicrobial susceptibility testing, resistance gene screening, conjugation assay, whole-genome sequencing, and bioinformatics analysis. Strain PA166-2 was resistant to tigecycline and carbapenems. It belonged to ST313 and carried a plasmid pPA166-2-MDR, which belongs to the incompatibility group IncpRBL16. pPA166-2-MDR harbored a 78 Kb multidrug resistance (MDR) region carrying an array of antimicrobial resistance genes, including blaIMP-45, tet(X6), and tmexCD3-toprJ3. The gene blaIMP-45 was inserted into the backbone of plasmid pPA166-2-MDR within a class 1 integron, In786. tmexCD3-toprJ3 in plasmid pPA166-2-MDR was inserted in umuC, constituting the genetic context of ISCfr1-tnfxB3-tmexC3-tmexD3-toprJ3-ΔumuC. The genetic context of tet(X6) in this plasmid was identical to that of other reported plasmid-borne tet(X) variants, namely, tet(X6)-abh-guaA-ISVsa3. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first report of the cooccurrence of blaIMP-45, tet (X6), and tmexCD3-toprJ3 in one plasmid in Pseudomonas sp. The emergence of plasmid-mediated tigecycline resistance genes tmexCD3-toprJ3 and tet(X6), as well as carbapenemase genes from chickens expanded the global transmission of vital resistance genes. Findings from us and from others indicate that plasmids of the incompatibility group IncpRBL16 may serve as a reservoir for carbapenem and tigecycline resistance determinants.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere02283-22
JournalMicrobiology spectrum
Volume10
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2022
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • bla
  • extensive drug resistance
  • Pseudomonas aeruginosa
  • tet(X6)
  • tmexCD3-toprJ3

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Ecology
  • General Immunology and Microbiology
  • Genetics
  • Microbiology (medical)
  • Cell Biology
  • Infectious Diseases

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