Embodied carbon and construction cost differences between Hong Kong and melbourne buildings

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Limiting the amount of embodied carbon in buildings can help minimize the damaging impacts of global warming through lower upstream emission of COr This study empirically investigates the embodied carbon footprint of new-build and refurbished buildings in both Hong Kong and Melbourneto determine the embodied carbon profile and its relationship to both embodied energy and construction cost. Hie Hong Kong findingssuggest that mean embodied carbon for refurbished buildings is 33-39% lower than new-build projects, and the cost for refurbished buildings is 22-50% lower than new-build projects (per square metre of floor area). Hie Melbourne findings, however,suggest that mean embodied carbon for refurbished buildings is 4% lower than new-build projects, and the cost for refurbished buildings is 24% higher than new-build projects (per square metre of floor area). Embodied carbon ranges from 645-1,059 kgC02e/m2 for new-build and 294-655 kgC02e/m2 for refurbished projects in Hong Kong, and 1,138-1,705 kgC02e/m2 for new-build and 900-1,681 kgC02e/m2 for refurbished projects in Melbourne. Hie reasons behind these locational discrepancies are explored and critiqued. Overall, a very strong linear relationship between embodied energy and construction cost in both cities was found and can be used to predict the former, given the latter.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)84-102
Number of pages19
JournalConstruction Economics and Building
Volume18
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2018

Keywords

  • Construction cost
  • Embodied carbon
  • Embodied energy
  • Energy-cost relationship
  • Hong kong
  • Melbourne

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Building and Construction
  • Business, Management and Accounting(all)

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