Embodied and Operational CO2 Emissions of the Elementary School Buildings in Different Climate Zones

Changyoon Ji, Taehoon Hong, Kwangbok Jeong, Jimin Kim, Choongwan Koo, Minhyun Lee, Seungwoo Han, Youngcheol Kang

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)


Life cycle CO2 emissions (LCCEs) including embodied and operational CO2 emissions (ECEs and OCEs) should be comprehensively understood for establishing strategies for reducing CO2 emissions of buildings. Meanwhile, as the climate has a huge impact on building energy consumption, ECEs and OCEs should be investigated considering the climate. This study investigated the relation between ECEs and OCEs of buildings in different climate zones by conducting life cycle assessment and statistical analysis of 39 elementary school buildings in South Korea. As a result, the climate zone was determined to be the significant influence factors. The mean values of ECEs, OCEs, and LCCEs in central region were 611, 2,81 7, and 3,428 kg-CO2/m2, respectively, and those in southern region were 620, 1,652, and 2,273 kg-CO2/m2. The OCEs in central region was significantly higher than that in southern region, but the ECEs was not. In particular, ECEs and OCEs had a significant inverse correlation in central region but not in southern region. The results indicate that different strategies should be established depending on the climate zone. For instance, the thermal insulation levels should be further strengthened to reduce OCEs in central region compared to those of southern region.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1037-1048
Number of pages12
JournalKSCE Journal of Civil Engineering
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 1 Apr 2020


  • Carbon dioxide
  • Elementary school buildings
  • Embodied emission
  • Life cycle assessment
  • Operational emission

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Civil and Structural Engineering


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