Electrospinning of small diameter 3-D nanofibrous tubular scaffolds with controllable nanofiber orientations for vascular grafts

H. Wu, Jintu Fan, C.-C. Chu, J. Wu

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

126 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The control of nanofiber orientation in nanofi- brous tubular scaffolds can benefit the cell responses along specific directions. For small diameter tubular scaffolds, however, it becomes difficult to engineer nanofiber orien tation. This paper reports a novel electrospinning technique for the fabrication of 3-D nanofibrous tubular scaffolds with controllable nanofiber orientations. Synthetic absorb able poly-e-caprolactone (PCL) was used as the model biomaterial to demonstrate this new electrospinning tech nique. Electrospun 3-D PCL nanofibrous tubular scaffolds of 4.5 mm in diameter with different nanofiber orientations (viz. circumferential, axial, and combinations of circum ferential and axial directions) were successfully fabricated. The degree of nanofiber alignment in the electrospun 3-D tubular scaffolds was quantified by using the fast Fourier transform (FFT) analysis. The results indicated that excellent circumferential nanofiber alignment could be achieved in the 3-D nanofibrous PCL tubular scaffolds. The nanofibrous tubular scaffolds with oriented nanofibers had not only directional mechanical property but also could facilitate the orientation of the endothelial cell attachment on the fibers. Multiple layers of aligned nanofibers in different orientations can produce 3-D nanofibrous tubular scaffolds of different macroscopic properties. © Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2010.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3207-3215
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Materials Science: Materials in Medicine
Volume21
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2010

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biophysics
  • Bioengineering
  • Biomaterials
  • Biomedical Engineering

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