Electrophysiological correlates of perceptual auditory priming without explicit recognition memory

J.D. Harris, T.R.H. Cutmore, J. O'Gorman, S. Finnigan, Ho Keung David Shum

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The aim of this study was to identify an event-related potential (ERP correlate) of perceptual auditory priming using a method that can dissociate it from explicit memory similar to Rugg et al. (1998). EEG was recorded during performance of an auditory word recognition test, where 17 participants discriminated "old" from "new" aural words, encoded using either a "deep" or "shallow" levels-of-processing (LOP) study task. A right-lateralized P200 effect was modulated by words' old/new status but not by accuracy of recognition or LOP manipulation. Because this effect was driven by simple repetition rather than factors known to influence episodic recognition memory, a "bottom-up" perceptual priming function was inferred which was substantiated by its early temporal appearance. A similar ERP amplitude modulation was evident across a broader topographical region during the subsequent N400 time interval. Conversely the late posterior component (LPC; 500-800 ms) for deeply-encoded, correctly-recognized words was of higher amplitude than LPCs for shallowly-encoded and new words, consistent with proposals that this ERP component indexes episodic memory. To our knowledge this is the first report of an ERP correlate of auditory perceptual priming dissociated from explicit episodic memory. © 2013 Federation of European Psychophysiology Societies.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)185-195
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Psychophysiology
Volume27
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 20 Nov 2013
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Auditory perceptual priming
  • Event-related potential (ERP)
  • N400
  • P200

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)
  • Neuropsychology and Physiological Psychology
  • Physiology

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