Electrochemically reduced graphene oxide/carbon nanotubes composites as binder-free supercapacitor electrodes

Qin Yang, Siu Kwong Pang, Kam Chuen Yung

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

46 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Binder-free composites of electrochemically reduced graphene oxide (ecrGO) and multiwalled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) were fabricated as supercapacitors electrodes operating in aqueous systems. GO was found to be electrochemically reduced according to the XRD and Raman data. Therefore, this facile and controllable method was applied to reduce GO in the GO/MWCNTs composites, generating ecrGO/MWCNTs composites. The ecrGO/MWCNTs composites exhibit higher specific capacitance (Csp) than ecrGO because the intercalation of MWCNTs into ecrGO sheets increases the surface areas, according to the TEM, XRD and N2adsorption-desorption results. The composites with different mass ratios of GO to MWCNTs (10:1, 5:1, 1:1, 1:5, 1:10) were investigated. The ecrGO/MWCNTs composite (GO: MWCNTs = 5:1) showed the highest Cspfrom the cyclic voltammetry results at a scan rate of 10 mV s-1, and it expressed Cspof 165 F g-1at a current density of 1 A g-1and 93% retention after 4000 cycles of charge/discharge. When the mass ratio of GO to MWCNTs further decreases to 1:10, the Cspof the composites declines, and the ecrGO/MWCNTs composite (GO: MWCNTs = 1:10) performs a nearly pure double-layer capacitor. However, the composites containing more MWCNTs can maintain better capacitive behavior at higher rates of charge/discharge.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)144-152
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Power Sources
Volume311
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 15 Apr 2016

Keywords

  • Binder-free electrodes
  • Electrochemical reduction
  • Graphene oxide
  • Multiwalled carbon nanotubes
  • Reduced graphene oxide
  • Supercapacitors

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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