Electrochemical technologies in wastewater treatment

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2078 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This paper reviews the development, design and applications of electrochemical technologies in water and wastewater treatment. Particular focus was given to electrodeposition, electrocoagulation (EC), electroflotation (EF) and electrooxidation. Over 300 related publications were reviewed with 221 cited or analyzed. Electrodeposition is effective in recover heavy metals from wastewater streams. It is considered as an established technology with possible further development in the improvement of space-time yield. EC has been in use for water production or wastewater treatment. It is finding more applications using either aluminum, iron or the hybrid Al/Fe electrodes. The separation of the flocculated sludge from the treated water can be accomplished by using EF. The EF technology is effective in removing colloidal particles, oil & grease, as well as organic pollutants. It is proven to perform better than either dissolved air flotation, sedimentation, impeller flotation (IF). The newly developed stable and active electrodes for oxygen evolution would definitely boost the adoption of this technology. Electrooxidation is finding its application in wastewater treatment in combination with other technologies. It is effective in degrading the refractory pollutants on the surface of a few electrodes. Titanium-based boron-doped diamond film electrodes (Ti/BDD) show high activity and give reasonable stability. Its industrial application calls for the production of Ti/BDD anode in large size at reasonable cost and durability.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)11-41
Number of pages31
JournalSeparation and Purification Technology
Volume38
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 15 Jul 2004
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Advanced oxidation
  • Anode
  • Electrocoagulation
  • Electrodeposition
  • Electroflotation
  • Electrooxidation
  • Oxygen evolution
  • Water

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Analytical Chemistry
  • Filtration and Separation

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