A theoretical model for electro-mechanical properties of intrinsically conductive knitted fabrics made from stainless steel multi-filament yarns under large uniaxial deformation is presented. The investigations are focused on the relationship between the load and electrical resistance of the fabric under uniaxial extension. A circuit network is proposed based on the loops configuration and fabric structure. The equivalent resistance of the fabric is obtained by solving the circuit equations of the network. In order to simplify the calculation of the contacting forces on the overlapped yarns, a two-dimensional hexagon model is used to represent the loop configurations. An image-capturing system is employed to record the images of the loop configurations during the extension process and the relationship between the configurations of the loops and the load imposed on the fabric is obtained. From the theoretical analysis and experimental investigations, it is found that the contacting resistance of the overlapped yarns in the fabric is the key factor that governs the sensitivity of the fabric sensor. In addition, the fabric structure that determines the structure of the circuit network is also an important factor affecting the characteristics of the fabric sensor.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Chemical Engineering (miscellaneous)
- Polymers and Plastics