Electrical resistance of stainless steel/polyester blended knitted fabrics for application to measure sweat quantity

Qing Chen, Lin Shu, Rong Zheng, Bailu Fu, Jintu Fan

    Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

    2 Citations (Scopus)


    Skin wetness and body water loss are important indexes to reflect the heat strain of the human body. According to ISO 7933 2004, the skin wetness and sweat rate are calculated by the evaporative heat flow and the maximum evaporative heat flow in the skin surface, etc. This work proposes the soft textile-based sensor, which was knitted by stainless steel/polyester blended yarn on the flat knitting machine. It investigated the relationship between electrical resistance in the weft/warp directions and different water absorption ratio (0–70%), different sample size (2 cm × 2 cm, 2 cm × 4 cm, 2 cm × 6 cm and 2 cm × 8 cm). The hydrophilic treatment effectively improved the water absorption ratio increasing from 40% to 70%. The weft and warp direction exhibited different electrical behaviors when under dry and wet conditions. It suggested the weft direction of knitted fabrics was recommended for detecting the electrical resistance due to its stable sensitivity and lin-earity performance. It could be used as a flexible sensor integrated into a garment for measuring the skin wetness and sweat rate in the future instead of traditional measurements.

    Original languageEnglish
    Article number1015
    Issue number7
    Publication statusPublished - 1 Apr 2021


    • Electrical resistance
    • Hydrophilicity
    • Knit
    • Liquid sweat

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Chemistry(all)
    • Polymers and Plastics

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