Clay material can be considered as a collection of clusters, which interact with each other mainly through mechanical forces. From this point of view, clay is modeled by analogy to granular material in this paper. An elastoplastic stress-strain relationship for clay is derived by using the granular mechanics approach developed in previous studies for sand. However, unlike sand, clay deformation is generated not only by the mobilizing but also by compressing clusters. Thus, in addition to the Mohr-Coulomb's plastic shear sliding and a dilatancy type flow rule, a plastic normal deformation has been modeled for two clusters in compression. The overall stress-strain relationship can then be obtained from the mobilization and compressing of clusters through a static hypothesis of the macro-micro relations. The predictions are compared with the experimental results for clay under both drained and undrained triaxial loading conditions. Three different types of clay, including remolded and natural clay, have been selected to evaluate the model's performance. The comparisons verify that this model is capable of accurately reproducing the overall behavior of clay, which accounts for the influence of key parameters such as void ratio and mean stress. A section of this paper is devoted to show the model's capability of considering the influence of inherent anisotropy on the stress-strain response under undrained triaxial loading conditions. © 2009 ASCE.
|Number of pages||15|
|Journal||Journal of Engineering Mechanics|
|Publication status||Published - 31 Aug 2009|
- Stress strain relations
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Mechanics of Materials
- Mechanical Engineering