Elastic wave propagation in thick-walled hollow cylinders for damage localization through inner surface sensing

Yuanman Zhang, Shengbo Shan, Li Cheng

Research output: Journal article publicationReview articleAcademic researchpeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


Thick-walled hollow cylinders (TWHCs) are widely used in engineering structures and transportation systems, exemplified by train axles. The real-time and online health monitoring of such structures is crucial to ensure their structural integrity and operational safety. While elastic-wave-based structural health monitoring (SHM) shows promise, the development of feasible methods strongly relies on a good understanding and exploitation of the wave propagation properties and their interaction with structural defects. TWHCs usually bear multiple wave modes, which is a less investigated and explored topic as compared with thin-walled structures. This work examines this issue and proposes a dedicated damage localization strategy by using the selected waves captured on the inner surface of a TWHC. It is shown that, alongside the quasi-surface-waves on the outer surface, longitudinal waves converted from the thickness-through shear bulk waves are generated to propagate along the inner surface. Their propagation characteristics are exploited for damage localization based on hyperbolic loci methods through inner surface sensing. Numerical studies are conducted to validate the method and assess different transducer configurations, alongside experimental verifications on a benchmark TWHC containing a notch-type defect. Studies provide guidance on damage detection in TWHCs and sensor network design.

Original languageEnglish
Article number107027
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2023


  • Damage localization
  • Mode conversion
  • Quasi-surface-wave
  • Thick-walled hollow cylinder

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Acoustics and Ultrasonics


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