Elastic anisotropic viscoplastic modeling of the strain-rate-dependent stress-strain behavior of K0-consolidated natural marine clays in triaxial shear tests

Cheng Zhou, Jianhua Yin, Jun Gao Zhu, Chun Man Cheng

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

53 Citations (Scopus)


This paper presents a new three-dimensional (3D) anisotropic elastic viscoplastic (EVP) model for the time-dependent stress-strain behavior of K0-consolidated marine clays. A nonlinear creep function with a limit for the creep volumetric strain under an isotropic or odometer K0-consolidated stressing condition and a nonsymmetrical elliptical loading locus are incorporated in the 3D anisotropic EVP model. An α-line defines the inclination of the nonsymmetrical elliptical loading locus in the p'-q plane and is commonly used for natural soils. All model parameters are determined from the results of one set of consolidated undrained compression tests and an isotropic consolidation/creep test. With the parameters determined, the 3D anisotropic EVP model is used to simulate the behavior of K0-consolidation tests and the strain-rate-dependent stress-strain behaviors of the K0-consolidated triaxial compression and extension tests on natural Hong Kong marine deposit clay specimens. These triaxial K0-consolidated specimens were sheared at step-changed axial strain rates from +2 to +0.2, +20, -2 (unloading) and +2%/h (reloading) for compression tests; or from -2 to -0.2, -20, +2 (unloading), and -2%/ h (reloading) for extension tests, all in an undrained condition. The simulation results of all these tests are compared with the test results. The validation and limitations of the model are then evaluated and discussed. International Journal of Geomechanics
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)218-232
Number of pages15
JournalInternational Journal of Geomechanics
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 1 Sep 2005


  • Anisotropy
  • Constitutive models
  • Elastoplasticity
  • Marine plays
  • Shear tests
  • Stress strain relations
  • Time-dependence
  • Triaxial shear

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Soil Science

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