Efficient Energy Conversion and Storage Based on Robust Fluoride-Free Self-Assembled 1D Niobium Carbide in 3D Nanowire Network

Sin Yi Pang, Weng Fu Io, Lok Wing Wong, Jiong Zhao, Jianhua Hao

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

33 Citations (Scopus)


Owing to their high robustness and conductivity, 2D transition metal carbides and nitrides known as MXenes are considered as a promising material class for electrochemical catalysis, energy conversion, and storage applications. Nevertheless, conventional hazardous fluoride-based synthesis routes and the intense intralayer bonding restrict the development of MXenes. Herein, a fluoride-free, facile, and rapid method for synthesizing self-assembled 1D architecture from an MXene-based compound is reported. The MXene nanowire (NW) not only provides a robust connection to the flexible substrate but also effectively increases the electrochemically active surface area. The kinetics-favorable structure yields a boosted performance for the hydrogen/oxygen evolution reaction and the intake of the zinc ion. The 1D NW based on MXene compound maintains high stability in a quite low overpotential of 236 mV for 24 h without detachment from the substrate and manifests an exceptional high-power density of 420 W kg−1 over 150 cycles as a flexible aqueous zinc ion battery. This work paves a novel and non-toxic synthesis method for the 1D nanofiber structure from MXene composition and demonstrates its multifunctional applications for energy conversion and storage.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1903680
JournalAdvanced Science
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - 20 May 2020


  • 2D materials
  • electrocatalysts
  • flexible batteries
  • MXenes
  • nanowires

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology (miscellaneous)
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Engineering(all)
  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

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