Efficiency Boost in All-Small-Molecule Organic Solar Cells: Insights from the Re-Ordering Kinetics

Xiaokang Sun, Jie Lv, Fei Wang, Chenyang Zhang, Liangxiang Zhu, Guangye Zhang, Tongle Xu, Zhenghui Luo, Haoran Lin, Xiaoping Ouyang, Chunming Yang, Chuluo Yang, Gang Li, Hanlin Hu

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

7 Citations (Scopus)


Achieving high-performance in all-small-molecule organic solar cells (ASM-OSCs) significantly relies on precise nanoscale phase separation through domain size manipulation in the active layer. Nonetheless, for ASM-OSC systems, forging a clear connection between the tuning of domain size and the intricacies of phase separation proves to be a formidable challenge. This study investigates the intricate interplay between domain size adjustment and the creation of optimal phase separation morphology, crucial for ASM-OSCs’ performance. It is demonstrated that exceptional phase separation in ASM-OSCs’ active layer is achieved by meticulously controlling the continuity and uniformity of domains via re-packing process. A series of halogen-substituted solvents (Fluorobenzene, Chlorobenzene, Bromobenzene, and Iodobenzene) is adopted to tune the re-packing kinetics, the ASM-OSCs treated with CB exhibited an impressive 16.2% power conversion efficiency (PCE). The PCE enhancement can be attributed to the gradual crystallization process, promoting a smoothly interconnected and uniformly distributed domain size. This, in turn, leads to a favorable phase separation morphology, enhanced charge transfer, extended carrier lifetime, and consequently, reduced recombination of free charges. The findings emphasize the pivotal role of re-packing kinetics in achieving optimal phase separation in ASM-OSCs, offering valuable insights for designing high-performance ASM-OSCs fabrication strategies.

Original languageEnglish
Article number2302731
JournalAdvanced Energy Materials
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2023


  • all small molecules
  • in situ UV–vis spectroscopy
  • organic solar cells
  • phase separation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • General Materials Science


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