Efficacy of green alternatives and carbon dioxide curing in reactive magnesia cement-bonded particleboards

Liang Chen, Lei Wang, Daniel C.W. Tsang, Viktor Mechtcherine, Chi Sun Poon

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

27 Citations (Scopus)


This study demonstrated a low-carbon and value-added approach for upcycling waste wood formwork into reactive magnesia cement-bonded particleboards, in which green alternatives and carbon dioxide curing were employed to improve mechanical properties and reduce carbon footprint. Spectroscopic and thermogravimetric analyses showed that the replacement of pulverised fly ash and incinerated sewage sludge ash promoted the generation of magnesium silicate hydrates gel via pozzolanic-like reaction. The incorporation of mussel shell densified the microstructure as illustrated from scanning electron microscopy. Therefore, these modified particleboards presented satisfying flexural strength (>9 MPa) and thickness swelling (<2%). However, the spontaneous hydration of blast furnace slag manifested a competition against magnesia cement hydration and resulted in strength reduction. Furthermore, carbon dioxide curing promoted the transformation from magnesium hydroxide to additional magnesium carbonate and hydrated magnesium carbonates, which significantly enhanced early strength. However, the carbonation process consumed magnesium hydroxide, unavoidably suppressing the pozzolanic reaction. By contrast, blast furnace slag-incorporated samples showed synergetic hydration and carbonation. In summary, pulverised fly ash materials are promising substitutes in air curing condition, whereas blast furnace slag is suitable for accelerated carbonation of magnesia cement-based particleboards.

Original languageEnglish
Article number120997
JournalJournal of Cleaner Production
Publication statusPublished - 10 Jun 2020


  • Accelerated carbonation
  • Alternative binder
  • Carbon dioxide sequestration
  • Sustainable waste management
  • Value-added composites
  • Waste wood recycling

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • General Environmental Science
  • Strategy and Management
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering


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