Efficacy of Fun to Learn for the Young Program: Randomized Controlled Trial

Man Cynthia Leung, Sandra Tsang, Betty Li

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


Early intervention for children from disadvantaged backgrounds has been found to be effective in improving their learning and psychosocial outcomes. This study aimed to evaluate the efficacy of the Fun to Learn for the Young (FLY) program using randomized controlled trial design with no blinding of participants. Participants included 200 Hong Kong Chinese parent–child dyads (intervention:101; control: 99) with children aged 18 months from disadvantaged backgrounds. Participants were recruited from three non-governmental organizations. The intervention group participated in the 60-session FLY program which consisted of direct teaching to children and parent training. Parent participants from both groups completed questionnaires on child learning, child behavior and parenting before the intervention, at the end of 40 sessions, and 60 sessions. The children were individually assessed on their preschool concepts and language skills at these three time points. Results indicated that the children in the intervention group made more gains in preschool concepts, language skills, school readiness and motivation, compared with control group children (ηp2=.018–.029). The results provided some initial evidence that the FLY program was an effective early intervention program in promoting child learning.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2865-2878
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Child and Family Studies
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - 1 Oct 2017


  • Child behavior
  • Child development
  • Child learning
  • Parenting

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Life-span and Life-course Studies


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