Efficacies of different external controls for excessive foot pronation: A meta-analysis

Tsz Hei Cheung, Raymond C.K. Chung, Gabriel Y.F. Ng

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

46 Citations (Scopus)


Objectives This meta-analysis investigated the efficacies of foot orthoses, motion control footwear and therapeutic adhesive taping in controlling foot pronation as compared with no-intervention conditions. Data sources Electronic searches on four electronic databases were performed and the reference lists of the screened articles were also scrutinised. Review methods Two reviewers screened the quasirandomised or clinical controlled trials that examined the efficacy of the selected interventions in controlling calcaneal eversion. Heterogeneity and publication bias were assessed by I2 index and Egger's regression intercept, respectively. Trial quality was rated by the Physiotherapy Evidence Database scale. Results 29 studies were selected. The I2 indices revealed large heterogeneity which supported the use of a random effect model of meta-analysis. The Egger's regression intercepts suggested that publication bias of the included studies was marginally present in the motion control footwear and the therapeutic adhesive taping groups (p=0.06-0.07). All three interventions were effective in reducing calcaneal eversion (p<0.001) with therapeutic adhesive taping being most effective whereas Low-dye taping was less effective than the other taping techniques, such as high-dye and stirrups taping. Custom-made foot orthoses were more effective than prefabricated orthoses. Motion control footwear with heel flare or wedge design was less effective than those with dual midsole materials. Conclusions Foot orthoses, motion control footwear and therapeutic adhesive taping were able to control rearfoot eversion with therapeutic adhesive taping being the most effective. In the clinical practice, selection of an antipronation intervention should be based on patient characteristics, type of activity and personal preference.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)743-751
Number of pages9
JournalBritish Journal of Sports Medicine
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2011

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
  • Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation

Cite this