Effects of Ving Tsun Chinese Martial Art Training on Upper Extremity Muscle Strength and Eye-Hand Coordination in Community-Dwelling Middle-Aged and Older Adults: A Pilot Study

Shirley S.M. Fong, Sheung Mei Shamay Ng, Yoyo T.Y. Cheng, Janet Y.H. Wong, Esther Y.T. Yu, Gary C.C. Chow, Yvonne T.C. Chak, Ivy K.Y. Chan, Joni Zhang, Duncan Macfarlane, Louisa M.Y. Chung

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)


M. Fong et al. Objectives. To evaluate the effects of Ving Tsun (VT) martial art training on the upper extremity muscle strength and eye-hand coordination of middle-aged and older adults. Methods. This study used a nonequivalent pretest-posttest control group design. Forty-two community-dwelling healthy adults participated in the study; 24 (mean age ± SD = 68.5 ± 6.7 years) underwent VT training for 4 weeks (a supervised VT session twice a week, plus daily home practice), and 18 (mean age ± SD = 72.0 ± 6.7 years) received no VT training and acted as controls. Shoulder and elbow isometric muscle strength and eye-hand coordination were evaluated using the Lafayette Manual Muscle Test System and a computerized finger-pointing test, respectively. Results. Elbow extensor peak force increased by 13.9% (P = 0.007) in the VT group and the time to reach peak force decreased (9.9%) differentially in the VT group compared to the control group (P = 0.033). For the eye-hand coordination assessment outcomes, reaction time increased by 2.9% in the VT group and decreased by 5.3% in the control group (P = 0.002). Conclusions. Four weeks of VT training could improve elbow extensor isometric peak force and the time to reach peak force but not eye-hand coordination in community-dwelling middle-aged and older adults.
Original languageEnglish
Article number4013989
JournalEvidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2016

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Complementary and alternative medicine

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