Effects of service quality and customer satisfaction on customer loyalty in high-speed rail services in Taiwan

Pin Fenn Chou, Chin-shan Lu, Yu Hern Chang

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

93 Citations (Scopus)


Service quality and customer satisfaction as perceived by 1235 passengers on high-speed rail (HSR) services in Taiwan were examined using structural equation modeling (SEM) to explain customer loyalty. The relationships among the constructs in the SEM model were tested, namely: service quality, customer satisfaction and customer loyalty. Results indicated that the five service quality attributes in HSR services with which passengers most agreed were car cleanness, followed by neat appearance of employee, employee service attitude, comfort of air conditioning, and on-time performance. Findings also revealed that service quality had a positive effect on customer satisfaction and customer loyalty, while customer satisfaction had a positive effect on customer loyalty. Theoretical and practical implications of the findings for HSR services are discussed.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)917-945
Number of pages29
JournalTransportmetrica A: Transport Science
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2014


  • customer loyalty
  • customer satisfaction
  • high-speed rail
  • service quality
  • structural equation modeling

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Transportation
  • Engineering(all)

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