Effects of prophylactic ankle supports on vertical ground reaction force during landing: A meta-analysis

Wenxin Niu, Tienan Feng, Lejun Wang, Chenghua Jiang, Ming Zhang

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

12 Citations (Scopus)


There has been much debate on how prophylactic ankle supports (PASs) may influence the vertical ground reaction force (vGRF) during landing. Therefore, the primary aims of this meta-analysis were to systematically review and synthesize the effect of PASs on vGRF, and to understand how PASs affect vGRF peaks (F1, F2) and the time from initial contact to peak loading (T1, T2) during landing. Several key databases, including Sco-pus, Cochrane, Embase, PubMed, ProQuest, Medline, Ovid, Web of Science, and the Physical Activity Index, were used for identifying relevant studies published in English since inception to April 1, 2015. The computerized literature search and cross-referencing the citation list of the articles yielded 3,993 articles. Criteria for inclusion required that 1) the study was conducted on healthy adults; 2) the subject number and trial number were known; 3) the subjects performed landing with and without PAS; 4) the landing movement was in the sagittal plane; 5) the comparable vGRF parameters were reported; and 6) the F1 and F2 must be normalized to the subject’s body weight. After the removal of duplicates and irrelevant articles, 6, 6, 15 and 11 studies were respectively pooled for outcomes of F1, T1, F2 and T2. This study found a significantly increased F2 (.03 BW, 95% CI:.001,.05) and decreased T1 (-1.24 ms, 95% CI:-1.77,-.71) and T2 (-3.74 ms, 95% CI:-4.83,-2.65) with the use of a PAS. F1 was not significantly influenced by the PAS. Heterogeneity was present in some results, but there was no evidence of publi-cation bias for any outcome. These changes represented deterio-ration in the buffering characteristics of the joint. An ideal PAS design should limit the excessive joint motion of ankle inver-sion, while allowing a normal range of motion, especially in the sagittal plane.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-10
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Sports Science and Medicine
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1 Mar 2016


  • Ankle brace
  • Ankle sprain
  • Anterior cruciate ligament
  • Athletic tape

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
  • Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation


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