Effects of luminance combinations on the characteristics of the global flash multifocal electroretinogram (mfERG)

Jenny C Y Lung, Ho Lung Henry Chan

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)


Purpose: This study aims to ascertain the characteristics of the response triggered by the global flash multifocal electroretinogram (MOFO mfERG) under various combinations of global and focal flash luminance, and to determine the optimal conditions for this measurement. Methods: Ten normal subjects with mean age 23.2 yrs (± 1.14 yrs) were recruited for the MOFO mfERG measurement. The visual stimulation consisted of four video frames (stimulus frame with 103 scaled hexagonal focal flashes, followed by a dark frame, a global flash and then another dark frame). The focal and global flash intensities were varied independently for four levels (50, 100, 200 and 400 cd/m2). The subjects then underwent measurements with sixteen combinations of focal and global flash luminance. The direct component (DC) and induced component (IC) of the MOFO mfERG were grouped into central and peripheral regions for analysis. Results: The central and peripheral DC amplitude increased with the focal flash luminance under constant global flash luminance. Moreover, the proportion of the global flash and focal flash intensity was shown to be important to achieve an optimal IC response. When the ratio of global flash luminance to focal flash luminance (g/f ratio) was kept at about 2:1, the central and peripheral IC amplitude reached the peak value, and further increasing the global flash luminance would not enhance the IC response magnitude. The implicit time of both central and peripheral DC generally decreased with the increase of g/f ratio. However, the implicit time of central and peripheral IC increased with the g/f ratio. Conclusion: The g/f ratio is important in the MOFO mfERG paradigm, since the DC and IC responses change with this ratio. In order to obtain both optimal DC and IC responses, a g/f ratio of 1:1 with focal flash luminance between 100 cd/m2and 200 cd/m2would be recommended. As the global flash mfERG paradigm is studying the interaction triggered by both flashes, the g/f ratio is a vital parameter for measurement in future studies.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1117-1125
Number of pages9
JournalGraefe's Archive for Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - 1 Aug 2010


  • Adaptation
  • Global flash
  • Luminance
  • Multifocal electroretinogram

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ophthalmology
  • Sensory Systems
  • Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience


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