Effects of gender grouping on students' group performance, individual achievements and attitudes in computer-supported collaborative learning

Zehui Zhan, Sik Wah Fong, Hu Mei, Ting Liang

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

44 Citations (Scopus)


The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of gender grouping on students' group performance, individual learning achievements and attitudes in computer-supported collaborative learning (CSCL). 588 undergraduate students enrolled in a digital design course were randomly divided into 147 four-student groups that fell into five categories according to the composition of group members' gender, namely 4M (four males), 3M1F (three males and one female), 2M2F (two males and two females), 1M3F (one male and three females) and 4F (four females). Results indicated that: (1) For group performance, 2M2F and 4F groups significantly outperformed the other groups. (2) For individual learning achievements, no significant difference was found in females among different gender grouping interventions; however, males in mixed-gender groups performed significantly better than those in single-gender groups. (3) In terms of individual attitudes, males preferred mixed-gender, gender-balanced, and gender-majority grouping; however, females preferred single-gender and gender-minority grouping. (4) The effect of gender grouping mainly influences students' attitudes, rather than performance. These findings provide evidence that female-only and balanced-gender grouping are two kinds of good grouping interventions that could be recommended for CSCL, and male-minority groups should be avoided because they led to the worst group performance and individual attitudes.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)587-596
Number of pages10
JournalComputers in Human Behavior
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2015


  • Attitudes toward instruction
  • Computer-supported collaborative learning
  • Gender difference
  • Gender grouping
  • Group performance
  • Individual achievement

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
  • Human-Computer Interaction
  • Psychology(all)

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