Effects of flue gas desulphurization sludge on the pozzolanic reaction of reject-fly-ash-blended cement pastes

Chi Sun Poon, X. C. Qiao, Z. S. Lin

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

55 Citations (Scopus)


Reject fly ash (rFA), a coarse portion of the pulverized fuel ash (PFA) produced from coal-fired power plants and rejected from the ash classifying process, has remained unused due to its high carbon content and large particle size (>45 μm). However, the reject ash may have potential uses in chemical stabilization/solidification (S/S) processes that require relatively low strength and low chemical reactivity. Flue gas desulphurization (FGD) sludge is a by-product of the air pollution control process in coal-fired power plants. Its chemical composition is mainly gypsum. As there is no effective usage of both of these materials, it was of interest to conduct research on the possible activation of rFA using FGD. This paper presents experimental results of the effect of FGD on the pozzolanic reaction of rFA-blended cement pastes with or without Ca(OH)2and chemical activators. The results show that FGD take effect as an activator only at late curing ages. Adding Ca(OH)2activates the hydration of rFA. Chemical activator, such as alkali sulphate, is more effective in enhancing the strength development and degree of hydration of rFA than CaCl2in the rFA-Ca(OH)2-cement system. But CaCl2is more effective in the rFA-Ca(OH)2-FGD-cement system. The chemical activators speed up the reaction of the rFA through the formation new hydration products and elevating the pH value.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1907-1918
Number of pages12
JournalCement and Concrete Research
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - 1 Oct 2004


  • Acceleration
  • Compressive strength
  • FGD
  • Flue gas desulphurization sludge
  • Hydration
  • Reject fly ash

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering
  • Ceramics and Composites


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