Effects of equivalence ratio, H2and CO2addition on the heat release characteristics of premixed laminar biogas-hydrogen flame

Z. L. Wei, Chun Wah Leung, Chun Shun Cheung, Z. H. Huang

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

45 Citations (Scopus)


The effects of equivalence ratio, H2and CO2on the heat release characteristics of the premixed laminar biogas-hydrogen flame were investigated with the chemical kinetics simulation using the detailed chemical mechanism. The heat release rates, reaction rates and mole fractions of species of the BG50, BG75 and methane flames were calculated at different hydrogen additions (10%-50%) and equivalence ratios (0.8, 1.0, 1.2). The contributions of major elementary reactions were obtained based on the simulation data. The results show that H + O2= OH + H is the major endothermic reaction for biogas-hydrogen flame, while H + CH3(+M) = CH4(+M), O + CH3= H + CH2O, OH + H2= H + H2O, O + CH3=>H + H2+ CO and OH + CO = H + CO2can always play significant roles in heat release. O + CH3= H + CH2O and O + CH3=>H + H2+ CO can consistently account for a relatively stable proportion of total heat release, meaning that the O × CH3product can be an indicator to predict the total heat release. Due to the variation of O2concentration, the changes of major exothermic reactions are predominated by the equivalence ratio. Though the global heat release rate is maximum at stoichiometric condition, there exists more heat release in the high temperature zone at rich condition due to the exothermic recombination of radicals. The total heat release can be increased evidently with the H2addition which can induce the early heat release and enhance the peak heat release rate, and the significances of OH + H2= H + H2O and H + OH + M = H2O + M on the total heat release are enhanced most evidently. CO2exerts influences on heat release characteristics through its dilution/thermal effect and chemical effect. As CO2is introduced, the decreasing trend of the global heat release rate is dominated by the dilution/thermal effect, and H + CH3(+M) = CH4(+M), OH + H2= H + H2O and 2CH3(+M) = C2H6(+M) become increasingly important on the heat release.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)6567-6580
Number of pages14
JournalInternational Journal of Hydrogen Energy
Issue number15
Publication statusPublished - 27 Apr 2016


  • Biogas-hydrogen fuel
  • Chemical kinetics
  • Equivalence ratio
  • H and CO effect 2 2
  • Heat release

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Fuel Technology
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology


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