Effects of Closed-Head Injury on Attentional Processes: Generality of Sternberg's Additive Factor Method

Ho Keung David Shum, K. McFarland, J.D. Bain

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

18 Citations (Scopus)


The present study examined the generality of Shum, McFarland, Bain, and Humphreys' (1990) findings that closed-head injury (CHI) selectively impairs different processes of attention (operationalized in terms of stages of information processing) depending on the severity of, and the time since, injury. The procedure of Shum et al. was based on Sternberg's additive factor method (AFM), with the mode of information processing involved being a physical-directional matching of visual stimuli. The present study followed a similar procedure except that a name-matching task was used. This task was administered to 16 first-year psychology students and two groups of CHI patients (viz., severe short-term (SS) and severe long-term (SL)) with matched control groups. The results obtained replicated the study by Shum in that the SS group was found to be impaired on the identification and response-selection stages of information processing whereas the SL group was found to be impaired only on the response-selection stage. The present study confirms that the AFM is not limited to one specific mode of information process and strengthens the validity of the conclusions made by Shum et al. regarding the effects of CHI on attention. © 1994, Taylor & Francis Group, LLC. All rights reserved.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)547-555
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 1 Aug 1994
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Psychology
  • Neurology
  • Clinical Neurology


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