Effects of carbon incorporation on the structure and mechanical properties of cubic boron nitride films

Chung Wo Ong, X. A. Zhao, K. F. Chan, Y. M. Ng, P. W. Chan, C. L. Choy, R. W.M. Kwok

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

22 Citations (Scopus)


Carbon (C) at concentration up to 11.8 at.% was incorporated into ion-beam deposited cubic boron nitride (c-BN) films. Films with C content ≤ 6.2 at.% were found to contain about 78 vol.% of c-BN, and have high hardness (36-47 GPa) and high elastic modulus (250-320 GPa). Due to the high internal stress in the films they peel off readily from the substrates. At higher C content, the cubic structure is disrupted, and the structural change is accompanied by drops in both the hardness and elastic modulus. However, film adhesion is greatly improved, possibly because of the partial release in internal stresses induced by the incorporated C atoms. The film with 7.2 at.% C exhibits good mechanical properties (hardness ≈ 34 GPa, elastic modulus ≈ 240 GPa) as well as satisfactory adhesion to substrates, and is thus suitable for application as a hard coating material.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)152-155
Number of pages4
JournalThin Solid Films
Issue number1-2
Publication statusPublished - 10 Oct 1997


  • Adhesion
  • Boron nitride films
  • Carbon

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Surfaces and Interfaces
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films
  • Metals and Alloys
  • Materials Chemistry

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