Effects of Ca-dopant on the pyroelectric, piezoelectric and dielectric properties of (Sr0.6Ba0.4)4Na2Nb10O30ceramics

Y. B. Yao, Chee Leung Mak

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

35 Citations (Scopus)


Calcium-doped sodium strontium barium niobate (SBNN, (Sr0.6Ba0.4)4-xCaxNa2Nb10O30, 0 ≤ x ≤ 0.5) ceramics were prepared by a conventional solid-state reaction method. SBNN showed 'filled' tetragonal tungsten-bronze structure with fully occupied A-sites. The tetragonal structure, as revealed by X-ray diffraction (XRD) and Raman spectroscopy, was not affected by the Ca-dopant. Effects of Ca-doping concentration on the phase transitions as well as ferroelectric, piezoelectric and pyroelectric properties of the SBNN ceramics were investigated. From the dielectric studies, two anomalies were observed, namely, a sharp normal ferroelectric transition at 260 °C and a broad maximum at round -110 °C. The later was affected by the Ca-doping concentration and its origin was discussed. At x = 0.3, the sample exhibited the highest pyroelectric coefficient of 168 μC/m2K and the largest piezoelectric coefficient (d33) of 63 pC/N at room temperature. On the basis of our results, the pyroelectric properties of the SBNN were improved by Ca-doping.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)87-93
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Alloys and Compounds
Publication statusPublished - 15 Dec 2012


  • Dielectric properties
  • Piezoelectric
  • Pyroelectric properties
  • Raman spectroscopy
  • Sodium strontium barium niobate

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Metals and Alloys
  • Materials Chemistry


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