Effects of boundary layer on wedge-induced oblique detonation structures in hydrogen-air mixtures

Yishen Fang, Zijian Zhang, Zongmin Hu

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

24 Citations (Scopus)


Oblique detonation wave (ODW) structures are studied widely in recent years, but most of them are solved by the Euler equations without considering viscosity and then effects of boundary layer. In this study, the Navier-Stokes Equations are used to simulate the wedge-induced ODWs in hydrogen-air mixtures, and the two types of ODW transition structures at different incident Mach number Mi are analyzed to clarify the effects of viscosity and hence the boundary layer. Results show that the effect of boundary layer on ODW structures should be classified by the types of ODW transition patterns. As for the smooth transition pattern of ODW at high Mach numbers, the effect of boundary layer can be neglected, but for the abrupt transition pattern of ODW at low Mach numbers, the effect of boundary layer is large and it changes the ODW structure greatly. Resulting from the interaction of shock and boundary layer, a recirculation zone is formed within the viscous ODW layer at Mi = 7, which leads to the phenomenon that the straight oblique shock wave evolves into two sections, with the downstream one having a larger shock angle. Additionally, the corresponding transition position moves upstream, and the initiation length becomes only one third of that in inviscid ODW. The great importance of considering viscosity in ODW simulations and future designs of combustor of oblique detonation engine has been addressed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)23429-23435
Number of pages7
JournalInternational Journal of Hydrogen Energy
Issue number41
Publication statusPublished - 30 Aug 2019
Externally publishedYes


  • Boundary layer
  • Detonation initiation
  • Hydrogen-air mixture
  • Oblique detonation wave
  • Viscosity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Fuel Technology
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology


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