Effects of boron additions and solutionizing treatments on microstructures and ductility of forged Ti-6Al-4V alloys

J. H. Luan, Zengbao Jiao, G. Chen, C. T. Liu

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review


The effects of boron additions on the microstructure and mechanical properties of forged Ti-6Al-4V alloys in different heat-treatment conditions have been characterized by both experimental studies and thermodynamic calculations. The results indicate a combination of proper post-forging treatments and B additions are helpful for control of the prior-β grain size and the volume fraction of α phase, thereby tuning the ductility of the forged Ti-6Al-4V alloys. However, the B-containing alloys exhibit a significant drop in ductility if the solutionizing temperature is too high, and this embrittlement is mainly due to the coarsening of brittle TiB borides. The mechanism in this case is due to the cleavage fracture of TiB rather than its debonding with the matrix, as indicated by the observation of the aligned TiB borides on the matching areas of both halves of the fracture surfaces. Thus, the TiB size and orientation, the prior-β grain size, and the volume fraction of the α phase all play important roles in controlling the mechanical properties of the forged Ti-6Al-4V alloys. The current findings shed light on the composition-microstructure-ductility relationship in the forged Ti-6Al-4V alloys.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)170-178
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Alloys and Compounds
Publication statusPublished - 5 Mar 2015
Externally publishedYes


  • Microalloying
  • Tensile ductility
  • Thermo-Calc calculations
  • Thermomechanical treatment
  • Ti-6Al-4V alloy
  • TiB microstructure

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Metals and Alloys
  • Materials Chemistry

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