Effects of binder addition on the surface generation mechanism of WC/Co during high spindle speed grinding (HSSG)

Quanli Zhang, Suet To, Qingliang Zhao, Bing Guo, Mingtao Wu

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

14 Citations (Scopus)


High spindle speed grinding (HSSG) of WC/Co and binderless WC was conducted to study the effects of binder addition on surface generation mechanism. To help to explain the role of Co binder, Vickers-indentation and nano-indentation test were also conducted on the polished WC/Co and binderless WC workpiece. The indentation results showed that even though the addition of Co binder could obviously improve the toughness of bulk materials, non-uniform surface plastic deformation can be induced by the varied hardness of composing phases in nanoscale, indicated by the shape of load-displacement curves at low loads. Moreover, except for the scratching grooves and feed marks, the machined WC/Co surface was covered by randomly distributed micro-pits resulted from the dislodgement of hard particles in comparison with the binderless WC. Fast Fourier Transform (FFT) analysis confirmed the obvious contribution of binder addition to the spatial frequency at 148.1 1/mm than the feed component. Moreover, the results showed that the machined surface experienced no evident oxidation with minimum quantity lubrication, but a deformed surface layer formed under the dynamic pressure of the diamond grits during grinding.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)32-39
Number of pages8
JournalInternational Journal of Refractory Metals and Hard Materials
Publication statusPublished - 1 Sept 2016


  • Co binder
  • High spindle speed grinding
  • Indentation
  • Surface generation
  • WC

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Metals and Alloys
  • Materials Chemistry


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