Effects of atmospheric ageing under different temperatures on surface properties of sludge-derived biochar and metal/metalloid stabilization

Hong Wang, Mingyu Feng, Fengsa Zhou, Xinchen Huang, Daniel C.W. Tsang, Weihua Zhang

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

42 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In this study, we exposed sludge-derived biochar (SDBC) in the air under 4 °C, 22 °C, and 45 °C for 30–120 d to imitate the ageing process after SDBC production. The aged SDBC was characterized and its sorption capacities for Pb(II), Cr(V) and As(III) were compared with the fresh ones in batch sorption experiments. The results showed an increase in acidity, cation exchange capacity, and carboxyl groups of SDBC surface, but a decrease in alkalinity and Fe(III) species during ageing, indicating the oxidation. In addition, ageing for more than 30 d was found to favor the Pb(II) and As(III) sorption, because of higher density of available oxygen-containing groups. The Cr(VI) sorption was found to be compromised by the ageing, because some reducing agents for Cr(VI) reduction was consumed there. Higher temperatures accelerated the above-mentioned ageing effect. Yet, when the SDBC was applied in the heavy-metal contaminated soil, its performance would be affected by both ageing of SDBC itself as well as long-term interactions among soil components, such as colloids and solution, heavy metals, and SDBC, which require further investigation.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)176-184
Number of pages9
JournalChemosphere
Volume184
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2017

Keywords

  • Arsenic
  • Biochar ageing
  • Lead
  • Metal/metalloid contamination
  • Sewage sludge
  • Soil stabilization

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Environmental Chemistry

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