Effects of aging on rheological, chemical, and micromechanical properties of waterborne epoxy resin modified bitumen emulsion

Rui Li, Zhen Leng, Gaoyang Li, Bin Yang, Guoyang Lu

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

Abstract

Bitumen emulsion, which is widely used for surface treatment and cold recycling in pavement engineering, has the advantage of not requiring heating during construction. But it has the disadvantage of low mechanical strength, especially at higher temperatures. Various studies have proved that waterborne epoxy can effectively improve the mechanical properties of bitumen emulsion. However, how aging affects the performance of waterborne epoxy resin-modified bitumen emulsion is still unclear. This study aims to fill this knowledge gap through combined rheological and microscopic characterisation. Fourier transform infra-red spectroscopy (FTIR) was first applied to characterise the oxidative reaction during the pressure aging vessel (PAV) test. The rheological behaviours before and after PAV aging were evaluated through dynamic shear rheometer (DSR) tests. The peak force tapping quantitative nanomechanical (PFT QNM) test was further conducted to measure the micromechanical performance of the waterborne epoxy bitumen emulsion residues. The results indicated that waterborne epoxy resin could improve the resistance to oxidative aging of the emulsion residues. In addition, it was found that the complex moduli generally increased while the phase angle decreased after PAV aging, and the aging process would lead to higher micromechanical modulus and lower adhesion.

Original languageEnglish
JournalInternational Journal of Pavement Engineering
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2022

Keywords

  • Bitumen emulsion
  • chemcial analysis
  • long-term aging
  • micromechanics
  • rheological behaviour
  • waterborne epoxy resin

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Mechanics of Materials

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