Effectiveness of online cognitive behavioral therapy on family caregivers of people with dementia

Timothy Kwok, May Lan Alma Mary Gerardina Au, Bel Wong, Isaac Ip, Vivian Mak, Florence Ho

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

49 Citations (Scopus)


Purpose: Family caregivers of persons with dementia (PWD) may receive caregiver training because of logistical constraints and privacy concerns. This study evaluated the effectiveness of an online intervention for family caregivers of PWD in improving their self-efficacy in managing behavioral and psychological symptoms of dementia (BPSD), and their emotion well-being. Subjects and methods: A total of 36 family caregivers of people with dementia participated in a 9-week online intervention based on the cognitive behavioral therapy model. Outcomes of the intervention were measured by the Chinese version of the Neuropsychiatric Inventory Questionnaire and two domains of the Revised Scale for Caregiving Self-Efficacy. Wilcoxon signed rank tests were used to compare the change in outcome variables. Results: The severity of BPSD of PWD and BPSD-related distress in family caregivers showed a statistically significant reduction after the intervention. Subgroup analysis showed self-efficacy in controlling upsetting thoughts significantly improved in caregivers of PWD at moderate to severe stages. Conclusion: Online cognitive behavioral therapy for family caregivers reduced BPSD of PWD and the related distress in their caregivers.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)631-636
Number of pages6
JournalClinical Interventions in Aging
Publication statusPublished - 11 Apr 2014


  • BPSD
  • Dementia caregiver
  • Emotional self-efficacy
  • Online intervention

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geriatrics and Gerontology
  • General Medicine


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