Effectiveness of Exergaming Training in Reducing Risk and Incidence of Falls in Frail Older Adults with a History of Falls

Amy S. Fu, Kelly L. Gao, Arthur K. Tung, Wai Nam Tsang, Marcella M. Kwan

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

32 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective To use Nintendo's Wii Fit balance board to determine the effectiveness of exergaming training in reducing risk and incidence of falls in older adults with a history of falls. Design Randomized controlled trial. Setting Nursing home for older adults. Participants Adults aged 65 years and older (N=60). Interventions Participants who lived in a nursing home had 6 weeks of balance training with either Wii Fit equipment or conventional exercise. Main Outcome Measures Physiological Profile Assessment scores and incidence of falls were observed with subsequent intention-to-treat statistical analyses. Results Physiological Profile Assessment scores and incidence of falls improved significantly in both groups after the intervention (all P<.01), but participants in the Wii Fit training group showed a significantly greater improvement in both outcome measures (P=.004 and P<.001, respectively). Conclusions In institutionalized older adults with a history of falls, Wii Fit balance training was more effective than conventional balance training in reducing the risk and incidence of falls.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2096-2102
Number of pages7
JournalArchives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
Volume96
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2015

Keywords

  • Accidental falls
  • Aged
  • Postural balance
  • Rehabilitation
  • Virtual reality exposure therapy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation
  • Rehabilitation

Cite this