Effectiveness of a Tai chi Qigong program in promoting health-related quality of life and perceived social support in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease clients

Aileen W.K. Chan, Albert Lee, Kwai Ping Lorna Suen, Wilson W.S. Tam

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

52 Citations (Scopus)


Purpose This paper evaluates the effectiveness of a 3-month Tai chi Qigong (TCQ) program in promoting the psychosocial functional health of clients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) in Hong Kong. Methods This study employed a single-blind, randomized controlled trial. Two hundred and six COPD clients were randomly assigned into three groups, namely, TCQ group, exercise group, and control group. Subjects in the TCQ group received a TCQ program, consisting of two 60-min sessions each week for 3 months. Subjects in the exercise group were taught to practice breathing techniques combined with walking as an exercise. Subjects in the control group received their usual care. Data collections were performed at baseline, on the sixth week and on the third month. The primary outcomes were health-related quality of life using St. George Respiratory Questionnaire-Hong Kong Chinese version and perceived social support using the Multidimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support- Chinese version. Results The TCQ group showed greater improvements in the symptom (F4, 404= 3.351, P = 0.010) and activity domains (F4, 404= 2.611, P = 0.035). No differences were detected in perceived social support among the three groups. Conclusions Tai chi Qigong promoted health outcomes with respect to clients' perception of their respiratory symptoms. Moreover, TCQ decreased disturbances to their physical activitie0s. 2010.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)653-664
Number of pages12
JournalQuality of Life Research
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jun 2010
Externally publishedYes


  • Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
  • Multidimensional scale of perceived social support
  • Quality of life
  • St. George's respiratory questionnaire
  • Tai chi Qigong

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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