Effectiveness and biomechanics of spinal orthoses in the treatment of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS)

Man Sang Wong, A. F.T. Mak, K. D.K. Luk, J. H. Evans, B. Brown

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

49 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In this prospective study, the effectiveness and biomechanical factors of spinal orthoses in the treatment of moderate adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) patients were investigated. In the first 20 months of orthotic treatment, the values of standing AP Cobb's angle, apical vertebral rotation, lumbar lordosis as well as thoracic kyphosis showed significant reduction (P<0.05), however, the angle of trunk inclination and trunk listing did not. The values of those reducible parameters reached their lowest values within the first 12 months of orthotic treatment and then the values gradually increased but they were still below the pre-brace values. The mean pressure of The pressure pads was found to be 7.09±1.77kPa (53.2±13.3mmHg) while the mean tension of the straps was 26.8±5.2N. The standing AP Cobb's angle strongly correlated with the pad pressure (correlation coefficient=0.931, p<0.05) and strap tension (correlation coefficient=0.914, p<0.05). The strap tension and pad pressure strongly correlated and the correlation coefficient was 0.873 (p<0.05). This suggests that in the consideration of biomechanical function of spinal orthoses, the focus may be upon how tightly the orthosis was fastened and if the location and direction of the pressure pads are correct. Therefore, for enhancing the effectiveness of orthotic treatment, an independent standard tension should be set in each strap, and regular and close monitoring is needed.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)148-162
Number of pages15
JournalProsthetics and Orthotics International
Volume24
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2000

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health Professions (miscellaneous)
  • Rehabilitation

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