Effect of water hardness on acid dyeing with silk

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3 Citations (Scopus)


In this paper, the effect of water hardness, expressed in CaCO3 equivalent, on the dyeing of silk with acid dye under acid, alkaline and isoelectric point dyeing conditions was studied by the zeta potential method. Under acid conditions and in the presence of the calcium ion, the positive zeta potential of silk was found to decrease with a reduction in the dye adsorption. Such a phenomenon might be due to the presence of cation, which increases the dyeing potential barrier at the interface between the fibre and dye solution. This would result in a higher resistance of dye anions passing through the interface. Under alkaline conditions, the zeta potential on silk was negative and resulted in a strong potential barrier for the dye anions. The presence of the calcium ion would result in a decrease in the absolute value of zeta potential of silk fibre, with an overall increase in dye absorption. Under the isoelectric point, the zeta potential of silk fibre was found to be near zero and dye adsorption was not influenced by the cations. These results demonstrate that the calcium ion could produce a strong electrolytic effect on dyeing, even under very low concentrations.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)54-56
Number of pages3
JournalAutex Research Journal
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 29 Aug 2008


  • Acid dye
  • Fiber
  • Silk
  • Surfaces
  • Zeta potential

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Materials Science


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