Effect of transport models on connectivity of interbus communication networks

Wang Hei Ho, Robin J. North, John W. Polak, Kin K. Leung

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Vehicular Ad-Hoc Networks (VANETs) attract considerable research and commercial interest with promising applications in a number of areas including cooperative vehicle-highways systems, sensor networks, and safety systems. However, as a result of high speed and variable driver behavior, automotive ad-hoc networks behave in fundamentally different ways to the most prevalent models in Mobile Ad-Hoc Network (MANET) research. Previous work in MANETs has mostly assumed that the mobile nodes move randomly with an unconstrained mobility model, and it is clear that a random mobility model is not adequate to represent the major characteristics of real-world vehicle motions and may therefore lead to unreliable results. Recent studies of VANETs have attempted to introduce macro- and micromobility constraints to model vehicle motions, but they have mostly focused on modeling the mobility of generic private vehicles. Given the potential for the coordinated deployment of network nodes on centrally managed fleet vehicles, it has become important to model the characteristics of a VANET featuring vehicles of different types, with systematically different behavior patterns. In this article, the authors study the connectivity of mobile ad-hoc networks that consist of buses moving in urban area and examine the implications for transport-related services. Buses have a unique set of behavior characteristics (e.g., fixed routes, schedules, bus stops, specific priorities), which gives rise to distinct effect on node connectivity in the communication network. Through extensive simulations on the basis of real bus routes in central London, the authors (a) demonstrated the effect of the locations of stops and the prevailing traffic patterns on node connectivity (including the distributions of contact duration and intercontact time between buses) and (b) explored its implication on the design of a dissemination system to capture and disseminate data. Their results give a key message that the mobility of buses has to be modeled explicitly, and such kind of knowledge of connectivity among buses will be significant for the studies of routing algorithms and other networking functions in interbus communication networks.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)161-178
Number of pages18
JournalJournal of Intelligent Transportation Systems: Technology, Planning, and Operations
Volume15
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jul 2011
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Connectivity
  • Interbus Communication Networks
  • Transport Models
  • Vehicular Ad-Hoc Networks

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Control and Systems Engineering
  • Software
  • Information Systems
  • Automotive Engineering
  • Aerospace Engineering
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Applied Mathematics

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