Effect of temperature variation on the plate-end debonding of FRP-strengthened beams: A theoretical study

Dong Guo, Wan Yang Gao, Dilum Fernando, Jian Guo Dai

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

13 Citations (Scopus)


Steel/concrete structures strengthened with externally bonded FRP plates may be subjected to significant temperature variations during their service time. Such temperature variation (i.e., thermal loading) may significantly influence the debonding mechanism in FRP-strengthened structures due to the thermal incompatibility between the FRP plate and the substrate as well as the temperature-induced bond degradation at the FRP-to-steel/concrete interface. However, limited information is available on the effect of temperature variation on the debonding failure in FRP-strengthened beams. This paper presents a new and closed-form solution to investigate the plate-end debonding failure of the FRP-strengthened beam subjected to combined thermal and mechanical (i.e., flexural) loading. A bilinear bond-slip model is used to describe the bond behavior of the FRP-to-substrate interface. The analytical solution is validated through comparisons with finite element analysis results regarding the distributions of the interfacial shear stresses, the interfacial slips and the axial stresses of the FRP plate. Given that a constant bond-slip relationship is adopted, it is observed that an increase in service temperature will lead to an increased interfacial slip at the plate end and consequently a reduced plate-end debonding load, and vice versa. Further parametric studies have indicated that the thermal loading effects become more significant when shorter and stiffer FRP plates are applied for strengthening.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)290-305
Number of pages16
JournalAdvances in Structural Engineering
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2022


  • FRP-strengthened beam
  • mechanical loading
  • Plate-end debonding
  • temperature variation
  • thermal stress effect

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Building and Construction


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