Effect of sweating set rate on clothing real evaporative resistance determined on a sweating thermal manikin in a so-called isothermal condition (Tmanikin= Ta= Tr)

Yehu Lu, Faming Wang, Hui Peng, Wen Shi, Guowen Song

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

19 Citations (Scopus)


The ASTM F2370 (2010) is the only standard with regard to measurement of clothing real evaporative resistance by means of a sweating manikin. However, the sweating set-point is not recommended in the standard. In this study, the effect of sweating rate on clothing real evaporative resistance was investigated on a 34-zone “Newton” sweating thermal manikin in a so-called isothermal condition (Tmanikin= Ta= Tr). Four different sweating set rates (i.e., all segments had a sweating rate of 400, 800, 1200 ml/hr∙m2, respectively, and different sweating rates were assigned to different segments) were applied to determine the clothing real evaporative resistance of five clothing ensembles and the boundary air layer. The results indicated that the sweating rate did not affect the real evaporative resistance of clothing ensembles with the absence of strong moisture absorbent layers. For the clothing ensemble with tight cotton underwear, a sweating rate of lower than 400 ml/hr∙m2is not recommended. This is mainly because the wet fabric “skin” might not be fully saturated and thus led to a lower evaporative heat loss and thereby a higher real evaporative resistance. For vapor permeable clothing, the real evaporative resistance determined in the so-called isothermal condition should be corrected before being used in thermal comfort or heat strain models. However, the reduction of wet thermal insulation due to moisture absorption in different test scenarios had a limited contribution to the effect of sweating rate on the real evaporative resistance.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)481-488
Number of pages8
JournalInternational Journal of Biometeorology
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 1 Apr 2016
Externally publishedYes


  • Isothermal condition
  • Real evaporative resistance
  • Sweating manikin
  • Sweating set rate

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ecology
  • Atmospheric Science
  • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis

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