Effect of surface roughness on dip-pen nanolithography

Qian Tang, San-Qiang Shi, Li Min Zhou

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

7 Citations (Scopus)


In the present work, five gold thin films with various surface roughnesses were prepared by sputtering and the influence of the surface roughness of gold substrate on dip-pen nanolithography (DPN) was studied using 1-octadecanethiol (ODT) and poly(vinylidene fluoride-trifluorethylene) [P(VDF-TrFE)] as inks. It was shown that surface roughness influences both the contrast in lateral force microscopy (LFM) images and the transport rate of ink. Surfaces with less roughness give good contrast in LFM images, while rough surfaces give poor contrast. The transport rate of ink increases as the roughness decreases; however, the extent of the influence is strongly ink-dependent.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2167-2171
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology
Issue number12
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2005


  • 1-Octadecanethiol
  • Dip-pen nanolithography
  • Effect of surface roughness
  • Poly(vinylidene fluoride-trifluorethylene)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Chemistry
  • General Materials Science
  • Materials Science (miscellaneous)
  • Engineering (miscellaneous)


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