Effect of surface properties on the wettability of iron containing amorphous carbon films

J. S. Chen, Shu Ping Lau, Z. Sun, G. Y. Chen, Y. J. Li, B. K. Tay, J. W. Chai

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)


Ta-C and iron containing amorphous carbon (a-C:Fe) films were deposited by filtered cathodic vacuum arc technique. The influences of Fe contents on the wettability of the films were investigated in terms of surface energy. The surface energy of a-C:Fe films was determined by the contact angle measurement. Atomic force microscopy (AFM), Raman spectroscopy and X-ray induced photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) were employed to analyze the origin of the variation of surface energy with various Fe content. It is found that the contact angle for water increases significantly after incorporating Fe into the films and the films become hydrophobic. The roughness of these films has a little effect on the contact angle. The surface energy is reduced after incorporating Fe into the a-C film which is due to the reduction of both dispersive and polar component. The reduction in dispersive component is ascribed to the decrease of atomic density of the a-C:Fe films due to the increase in sp2bonded carbon. The absorption of oxygen on the surface play an important role in the reduction of polar component for the a-C:Fe films. It is proposed that such network as (Ca-O-Fe)-O-(Fe-O-Ca) may be formed and responsible for the reduction of polar component.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1031-1037
Number of pages7
JournalInternational Journal of Modern Physics B
Issue number6-7
Publication statusPublished - 20 Mar 2002
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Statistical and Nonlinear Physics
  • Condensed Matter Physics


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