Effect of stretching on ultraviolet protection of cotton and cotton/coolmax blended weft knitted fabric in a wet state

Chi Wai Kan, Lim yung Yam, Sun pui Ng

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)


In this paper, the ultraviolet protection factor (UPF) of plain knitted fabrics made from 20Ne cotton yarns, Coolmax yarn and their combinations in wet, relaxed and stretched states were studied. According to the fiber composition, fabric samples are divided into three groups including Group I (single cotton yarn), Group II (cotton/cotton combination) and Group III (Coolmax/cotton combination) for discussion. In order to study the effect of wet condition on the UPF of different plain knitted fabrics, five wetting solutions, namely: (i) chlorinated pool water; (ii) sea water, (iii) acidic perspiration; (iv) alkaline perspiration and (v) deionized water (DI water) were prepared and the fabrics were wetted with different percentages of 50%, 75% and 100%. The UPF of the plain knitted fabrics in wet, relaxed and stretched states was measured and the results were discussed. In addition, yarn and fabric properties such as yarn tenacity, yarn strength, fiber combination and water vapor transmission, which affect the corresponding UPF values, were used for generating a prediction model in order to determine UPF. Verification of the prediction model was also conducted.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)58-74
Number of pages17
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 12 Feb 2014


  • Coolmax
  • Cotton
  • Relax
  • Stretching
  • Ultraviolet protection factor (UPF)
  • Weft knitted fabric
  • Wet

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)

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