To illustrate the effect of post-treatment high-pressure steaming and hard segment content on shape memory polyurethane (SMPU) fiber, a series of shape memory polyurethane having various hard segment contents was synthesized with the pre-polymerization method, spun with a wet spinning process and treated with high pressure saturated water vapor. Differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), dynamic mechanical analysis (DMA), wide angle x-ray diffraction (WAXD), mechanical testing and cyclic tensile testing were conducted to investigate the particular thermal/mechanical properties, crystallization of hard segments and shape memory properties of SMPU fibers. In addition, in the light of a comparison between the original and the treated SMPU fiber, the effect of steaming post-treatment in SMPU fibers with various hard segment contents was illustrated. The steaming treatment gives rise to a higher elongation ratio at break, lower tenacity and initial modulus. Hard segment crystallization can be induced, especially in fiber with higher hard segment content after treatment. The glass transition temperature of the soft segment of SMPU fibers was decreased after steaming and the trends are most likely significant in high hard segment content specimens. Steaming with high pressure saturated water vapor can eliminate the thermal shrinkage and provide dimensional stability to the original SMPU fibers. The recoverability remains well in all treated specimens, but the fixity ability decreases with the decrease of hard segment content.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Materials Science(all)